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肖志强,田茂琳,王斌.武都山区油橄榄生长气象条件分析及适宜性气候区划研究[J].中国农学通报,2016,32(31):161-166..Olive in Wudu Mountain: Growth Meteorological Condition and Suitable Climate Division[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2016,32(31):161-166
武都山区油橄榄生长气象条件分析及适宜性气候区划研究
Olive in Wudu Mountain: Growth Meteorological Condition and Suitable Climate Division
投稿时间:2016-02-23  修订日期:2016-03-24
DOI:10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb16020080
中文关键词: 武都山区  油橄榄种植  气象条件  适宜性气候区划
英文关键词: Wudu mountainous area  Olive cultivation  Weather conditions  Suitability of climatic regionalization
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基金项目:甘肃省气象局项目“陇南山区特色农业气象灾害风险区划与气候区划研究”(2013-20)。
作者单位E-mail
肖志强 陇南市气象局 lnxzq@126.com 
田茂琳 陇南市科协 lntml@163.com 
王斌 陇南市祥宇油橄榄开发有限责任公司 lnxzq@126.com 
中文摘要:
      本研究从武都区2012—2015年油橄榄全生育期气象和植物学特性的系统观测资料入手,通过统计对比分析,寻找出作物生长关键时段以及对作物生长影响相关性最大的1月平均气温作为主导指标,年平均气温、年平均空气相对湿度、年日照时数作为辅助指标,建立了武都山区油橄榄气候适宜性区划指标体系,并基于GIS技术制作出精细化油橄榄种植适宜性气候区划图。结果表明:武都南部及白龙江流域海拔1300 m以下的河谷、平地、浅山地带为油橄榄最适宜种植区,中部、东部及白龙江流域海拔1300~1400 m的河谷、盆地、浅山区为油橄榄适宜种植区,中部海拔1400~1500 m的谷地和半山区为油橄榄较适宜种植区,其他区域,主要分布在武都西北部等地1500 m以上的高半山区为油橄榄不适宜种植区。研究结果为指导武都山区科学规划、合理布局、充分利用气候资源发展油橄榄产业,预防和减轻气象灾害损失提供了科学依据。
英文摘要:
      The paper aims to illustrate the key growth stages of olive and the relationship between botanical characteristics and meteorological variables. In Wudu mountain, the botanical characteristics of olive and the meteorological observation data from 2012 to 2015 were collected. Based on the leading indicator of average temperature in January and several other factors such as annual average temperature, annual average relative humidity, and annual sunshine hours, an olive suitable climate division index system was built for Wudu mountain. The fine climate division map for olive cultivation suitability was made by applying GIS technology. The results indicated that: the most suitable olive planting areas were located in the valley plains, basins, and shallow mountainous areas below the elevation of 1300 m in the southern Wudu and Bailong river basin; suitable olive planting areas were located in the valley plains, basins, and shallow mountainous areas in the elevation of 1400- 1500 m; the other areas were unsuitable for olive growing which were mainly in the northwest Wudu and other places above the elevation of 1500 m. The results can guide scientific planning and rational arrangement for Wudu mountain and make the best of climate resources to develop olive industry, and also provide a scientific basis for prevention and mitigation of meteorological disasters.
作者简介:
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