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魏亚凤,刘建,汪波,李波,薛亚光,等.江苏沿江地区裸大麦品种的产量表现及其品质性状的差异性分析[J].中国农学通报,2017,33(35):6-11.,et al.Difference Analysis of Yield and Quality Characters of Naked Barley Varieties in Region Along the Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2017,33(35):6-11
江苏沿江地区裸大麦品种的产量表现及其品质性状的差异性分析
Difference Analysis of Yield and Quality Characters of Naked Barley Varieties in Region Along the Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province
投稿时间:2016-12-19  修订日期:2017-11-25
DOI:10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb16120088
中文关键词: 裸大麦  品种  产量  品质  差异性分析
英文关键词: naked barley  variety  yield  quality  difference analysis
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基金项目:江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目“元麦品质优化及主食类制品加工关键技术研究”[CX(14)2123];江苏省“333 工程”培养资金资助项目 “元麦品质调优标准化栽培及主食类制品加工关键技术研究”(BRA2014104);南通市农业科技创新与产业化项目“富含β -葡聚糖的裸大麦种质创新 与新品种选育”(HL2014013)。
作者单位E-mail
魏亚凤 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 w-yafeng@163.com 
刘建 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 ntliuj@163.com 
汪波 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 383409352@qq.com 
李波 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 94477034@qq.com 
薛亚光 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 171240816@qq.com 
中文摘要:
      为了了解不同裸大麦品种在江苏沿江、沿海地区的丰产性、适应性和品质特性,筛选出适合本地区种植的优质、高产裸大麦新品种,试验研究比较了7个裸大麦品种和1个皮大麦品种的生物学性状、产量及构成因素、抗逆性、品质等指标,结果表明:(1)从生育期角度,7个裸大麦品种均适合在江苏省大麦产区种植,通麦6号系半冬性品种, 播期弹性较小,要求适当早播。(2)从产量和抗逆性角度,东陈元麦为六棱品种,丰产性、抗倒性差,不适宜在江苏省推广种植;苏裸麦2号丰产性好,但轻感大麦黄花叶病,适宜在江苏黄花叶病轻病田种植,青元麦和苏裸麦1号稳产性好,抗大麦黄花叶病,适宜在江苏大麦产区种植。(3)从品质角度,青元麦品种β-葡聚糖含量高、粗纤维含量较低、淀粉含量较高,品质好,可作特色杂粮开发利用;苏裸麦1号、苏裸麦2号β-葡聚糖含量较高、粗纤维含量较低、淀粉含量较高,品质较好,可作优质杂粮开发利用。
英文摘要:
      To understand the high yield, adaptability and quality characters of different naked barley varieties in the region along the Yangtze River and the coastal areas in Jiangsu Province, and select new naked barley varieties with good-quality and high-yield which are suitable for planting in these regions, we compared the biological properties, yield and its composition factors, stress resistance, amd quality of seven naked barley varieties and one barley variety. The results showed that: (1) as to growth stage, 7 naked barley varieties were suitable for planting in barley areas of Jiangsu Province,‘Tong mai 6’was a semi-winter variety, its sowing time was less flexible and it should be sowed early; (2) as to yield and stress resistance,‘Dong chen naked barley’was a six-rowed variety with less yield and poor lodging resistance, it was not suitable for being planted in Jiangsu Province,‘Su luo mai 2’had good yield, but was lightly infected by barley yellow mosaic disease, thus it could be planted in the field with less yellow mosaic disease in Jiangsu,‘Qing naked barley’ and‘Su luo mai 1’had good stable yield, resistance to barley yellow mosaic disease and were suitable for being cultivated in barley producing areas of Jiangsu; (3) as to quality,‘Qing naked barely’contained highβ - glucan, low crude fiber, higher starch and had good quality, it could be developed and used as special grains; ‘Su luo mai 1’and‘Su luo mai 2’contained higherβ -glucan, low crude fiber, higher starch, and had better quality, and could be developed and used as good-quality grains.
作者简介:
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