• 首页期刊简介编委会投稿须知论文要求/规范
司贤宗,张 翔.砂姜黑区施肥水平对花生不同基因型品种产量和品质的影响[J].中国农学通报,2018,34(18):6-10..Effect of Fertilization Level on Yield and Quality of Different Genotype Peanut Varieties on Shajiang Black Soil[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2018,34(18):6-10
砂姜黑区施肥水平对花生不同基因型品种产量和品质的影响
Effect of Fertilization Level on Yield and Quality of Different Genotype Peanut Varieties on Shajiang Black Soil
投稿时间:2017-05-02  修订日期:2017-06-30
DOI:10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb17050005
中文关键词: 花生  施肥水平  基因型品种  产量和品质  砂姜黑土区
英文关键词: Peanut  fertilization level  genotype varieties  yield and quality  vertisol soil area
摘要点击次数: 344
全文下载次数: 157
基金项目:河南省花生产业技术体系“耕作栽培岗位”(S2012-05-G02);河南省农业科学院自主创新专项基金“磷肥与有机肥配施对花生磷利用及土 壤磷形态的影响”;河南省重大科技攻关项目“河南省花生营养高效管理技术研究与应用”(122101110600);河南省基础与前沿研究计划“锌对花生抗 逆营养机制研究”(162300410146)。
作者单位E-mail
司贤宗 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 sixianzong@163.com 
张 翔 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 zxtf203@163.com 
中文摘要:
      【目的和方法】采用大田裂区随机区组设计试验,研究了施肥水平对花生不同基因型品种产量和品质的影响,为豫南花生主产区砂姜黑土上花生高效施肥提供技术支撑。【结果】结果表明,花生不同基因型品种的农艺性状、经济性状和产量存在明显的差异,常规施肥条件下,远杂9102、远杂6和豫花22的产量分别为5958.1kg/hm2、5437.1kg/ hm2、6008.6kg/ hm2,比不施肥分别增加18.4%,14.9%和13.7%;施肥能提高远杂9102、豫花22花生仁中油酸含量、油酸/亚油酸的比值,降低远杂6花生仁中油酸含量、油酸/亚油酸的比值;花生不同基因型品种对花生仁中粗脂肪含量及产量有明显的影响,远杂6花生仁中粗脂肪的含量最高,粗脂肪的产量最小,平均分别为50.3%、1873.3 kg/hm2,豫花22花生仁中粗脂肪的含量最低,粗脂肪的产量最高,平均分别为48.6 %、1895.2 kg/hm2。【结论】在N、P2O5、K2O施用量分别为150 kg/hm2、90 kg/hm2、150 kg/hm2条件下,豫花22的荚果产量和粗脂肪产量均最高,分别为6008.6 kg/hm2和2059.7 kg/hm2。
英文摘要:
      To provide technical support for peanut high-efficiency fertilization on shajiang black soil in main peanut production area in southern Henan, a field experiment was conducted to study the effect of fertilization level on yield and quality of different genotype peanut varieties by split-plot randomized block design. The results showed that agronomic characters, economic characters and yield had significant difference among different peanut varieties; the yield of‘Yuanza 9102’,‘Yuanza 6’and‘Yuhua 22’was 5958.1, 5437.1 and 6008.6 kg/hm2, respectively, under conventional fertilization condition, increased by 18.4%, 14.9% and 13.7% compared with that of no fertilization; the oleic acid content, the ratio of oleic acid content and linoleic acid content in peanut kernel of‘Yuanza 9102’and‘Yuhua 22’were increased by fertilization, while these traits of ‘Yuanza 6’was reduced; crude fat content in peanut kernel and yield had significant difference among different peanut varieties,‘Yuanza 6’had the highest crude fat content and the lowest crude fat yield of 50.3% and 1873.3 kg/hm2;‘Yuhua 22’had the lowest crude fat and the highest crude fat yield of 48.6% and 1895.2 kg/hm2. Under the condition of N, P2O5, K2O application rates of 150, 90 and 150 kg/hm2, the pod yield and crude fat yield of‘Yuhua 22’were the highest, which was 6008.6 kg/hm2 and 2059.7 kg/hm2, respectively.
作者简介:
查看全文   HTML   发表评论  下载PDF阅读器