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田立文,田聪华,刘志清,等.WTO框架下新疆棉花环境保护计划项目内容分析与探讨[J].中国农学通报,2018,34(19):18-25.田聪华,et al.Xinjiang Cotton Environmental Protection Projects Under the Framework of WTO: Analysis and Discussion[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2018,34(19):18-25
WTO框架下新疆棉花环境保护计划项目内容分析与探讨
Xinjiang Cotton Environmental Protection Projects Under the Framework of WTO: Analysis and Discussion
投稿时间:2017-05-19  修订日期:2018-06-11
DOI:10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb17050087
中文关键词: 新疆棉花  环境保护计划  生态水供给项目  土地荒漠化治理项目  土壤改良项目  病虫草害生态防治项目
英文关键词: Xinjiang cotton  projects of Xinjiang cotton environmental protection  project of ecological water supply  project of the land desertification control  project of the soil improvement  project of the ecological control of diseases, pests and weed
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基金项目:农业部国家棉花产业技术体系(CARS-18-07);新疆维吾尔自治区科技成果转化专项资金项目“优良棉花新品种及配套高产技术集成示范” (201354103)。
作者单位E-mail
田立文 新疆农业科学院经济作物研究所 1365400936@qq.com 
田聪华 新疆农业科学院农业经济与科技信息研究所 391253466@qq.com 
刘志清 新疆农业科学院经济作物研究所 516960363@qq.com 
欧洲 阿克苏地区纤维检验所 awtnyj@126.com 
王会平 阿克苏地区纤维检验所 1710626165@qq.com 
中文摘要:
      依据WTO规则和新疆独特的自然生态条件,明确提出新疆棉花环境保护计划内容。通过在国内外多地实地考察调研,并与相关人员交流,同时查询相关文献资料(含统计数据、网上信息和政府文件等),了解WTO棉花补贴规则和新疆水资源、风沙、土壤盐碱化以及病虫草害等特点。新疆棉花环境保护计划包括新疆生态水供给、土地荒漠化治理、土壤改良和病虫草害生态防治四项内容,并阐述各项目设立理由与具体方案。为避免黄箱政策补贴引发的国际贸易纠纷,作者认为在新疆开展棉花环境保护计划行动十分必要,但由于WTO对环境保护补贴有明确的前置条件,再加上我国棉花环境保护补贴存在总量控制的现实问题,因而在落实环境保护计划方案时,应把环境保护计划与WTO 的其它补贴规则作为一个整体统筹考虑。
英文摘要:
      According to the WTO rules and the unique natural ecological conditions in Xinjiang, the environmental protection plan are put forward. TheSon-the-spot Sinvestigation Sand Sresearch in different places at home and abroad are carried out. The related personnel was communicated with. The relevantSdate (including statistics, online information, government documents,Setc) was collected, so the rules of WTO cotton subsidies,StheScharacteristicsSofSthe supply of ecological water, the land desertification control, the soil improvement, and the ecological control of diseases, pests and weed can be known.There are 4 kinds of projects of the environmental protection, such as project of ecological water supply, project of the land desertification control, project of the soil improvement, project of the ecological control of diseases , pests and weed. Each project has its reason and practicalSsolution. In order to avoid international trade disputes caused by the subsidy policy of yellow box, it is widely accepted that in XinjiangSthe cotton environmental protection plan should be carried out. The author believes that it is necessary that the cotton environmental plan will be implemented immediately, but there are preconditionsSfor the totalSquantityScontrolSof WTO subsidies on environmental protection, so the implementation of the cotton environmental plan and other subsidies policies should be comprehensivelySconsidered as a whole.
作者简介:
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