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王平,沈学善,徐成勇,等.凉山州春马铃薯高产新品种筛选及其稳产性研究[J].中国农学通报,2018,34(16):14-21.,et al.New Spring Potato Varieties with High Yield in Liangshan: Screening and Stability Study[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2018,34(16):14-21
凉山州春马铃薯高产新品种筛选及其稳产性研究
New Spring Potato Varieties with High Yield in Liangshan: Screening and Stability Study
投稿时间:2017-12-01  修订日期:2018-02-23
DOI:10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb17120007
中文关键词: 四川省凉山州  春马铃薯  新品种  引进  筛选
英文关键词: Liangshan Prefecture in Sichuan Province  Sping potato  New varieties  Instruction  Sreening
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基金项目:国家农业产业技术体系四川薯类创新团队项目“薯类病虫害防治岗位”(川农业函[2014]91 号);四川省农科院2018 年度科技成果中试熟 化项目“马铃薯新模式新技术及保鲜贮藏技术集成示范”
作者单位E-mail
王平 四川省农业科学院 wangxiaoli16@126.com 
沈学善 四川省农业科学院 wangxiaoli16@126.com 
徐成勇 凉山州西昌农科所 wangxiaoli16@126.com 
余显荣 凉山州西昌农科所 wangxiaoli16@126.com 
屈会娟 四川省农业科学院 wangxiaoli16@126.com 
黄静玮 成都大学医学院 wangxiaoli16@126.com 
王晓黎 四川省农业科学院植物保护研究所 wangxiaoli16@126.com 
中文摘要:
      为筛选出适宜凉山州生态区域的春马铃薯品种,四川省农业科学院与凉山州西昌农科所合作,以美姑、昭觉、越西和布拖为示范点,开展春马铃薯品种引进与筛选多年多点试验。试验结果表明:美姑地区,‘罗硕’和‘川凉薯1号’表现突出;昭觉地区,引进的新品种‘青薯9号’增产显著,可以大面积推广,适量种植米拉;越西增大‘青薯9号’的种植面积,适当种植‘米拉’和‘凉薯17’;布拖适当增加‘镇薯1号’和‘云薯107’的种植面积,减少米拉的面积。由此可见,凉山州不同生态区域适宜的春马铃薯品种差异较大,新品种引进与筛选工作应长期坚持。此项工作的开展结束了高原山区多年不换种,马铃薯春作、秋作、冬作品种不分的历史。
英文摘要:
      To screen the spring potato varieties suitable for the ecological condition of Liangshan, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Xichang Agricultural Science Institute of Liangshan took Meigu, Zhaojue, Yuexi and Butuo as the demonstration sites to carry out multi-point experiment for the introduction and screening of spring potato varieties. The results showed that: the performance of‘Luoshuo’and ‘Chuanliangshu 1’in Meigu was outstanding; in Zhaojue, the new variety‘Qingshu 9’had a significant yield increase and could be popularized, and the variety‘Mila’could be planted with a moderate amount; in Yuexi, the planting area of‘Qingshu 9’could be increased, and proper amount of‘Mila’and‘Liangshu 17’could be planted; in Butuo, the planting area of‘Zhenshu 1’and‘Yunshu 107’could be increased, and the planting area of‘Mila’could be reduced properly. Thus, the varieties of spring potato suitable for different ecological regions in Liangshan are quite different, the introduction and selection of new varieties in the plateau mountainous areas could provide suitable potato varieties according to seasonal change and promote the development of potato industry in Liangshan of Sichuan.
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