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陈艳英,游扬声,唐云辉,等.三峡库区(重庆段)植被覆盖变化分析及评价[J].中国农学通报,2019,35(33):83-90.,et al.Analysis and Evaluation of the Vegetation in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region (Chongqing Section)[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2019,35(33):83-90
三峡库区(重庆段)植被覆盖变化分析及评价
Analysis and Evaluation of the Vegetation in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region (Chongqing Section)
投稿时间:2018-08-02  修订日期:2019-10-25
DOI:10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb18080010
中文关键词: 长江沿线(重庆段)  植被指数  三峡库区蓄水
英文关键词: Along the Yangtze River (Chongqing section)  Normalized vegetation index  Impoundment of Three Gorges reservoir
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基金项目:重庆市气象局业务技术攻关重点(团队)项目“重庆农业气象与遥感应用技术研究”(ywgg-201509);重庆市社会事业与民生保障科技创新 专项“基于服务定制的智慧农业气象移动app的研制与应用示范”(cstc2017shms-xdny80035)。
作者单位E-mail
陈艳英 重庆市气象科学研究所 chenyanying1618@163.com 
游扬声 重庆大学土木工程学院 youyangsheng@126.com 
唐云辉 重庆市气象科学研究所 383805817@qq.com 
闵凡花 重庆市气象台 401853482@qq.com 
中文摘要:
      摘要:为分析三峡库区(重庆段)植被及植被变化,利用2000—2015年MODIS 3级归一化植被指数16日合成产品MOD13A1,分析了长江沿线重庆段22区县植被指数的时空分布特征及变化趋势,结果表明:(1)在三峡库区蓄水后,长江沿线的植被表现为向好趋势,植被生长环境也有所改善,长江沿线东部地区,植被好转尤为明显。(2)距河道越远的区域,植被覆盖和植被环境越好。从行政区划角度看,东部区域植被生态环境最好,其次是中部区域、西部区域,主城区植被及生态环境较其余3个区域略显不足。植被好的区县(地区),平均高度值偏大。(3)三峡大坝完成175 m蓄水后较蓄水前(2000—2003年阶段),三峡库区175m蓄水后,远离河道区域,植被指数在春、秋、冬季节呈现增加趋势,夏季被指数呈减小趋势;近河道区域,植被指数在春季降低、秋季增加,夏、冬季有增有减。由于夏季全河道处于雨季,降雨偏多,河道会长期处于洪峰或高水位过程,河道被淹没的区域扩大;加之三峡蓄水后,夏秋季节河道上空薄云、碎云等云雾增加,即使夏半年三峡库区处于放水阶段,夏秋季节植被指数仍略有减小的趋势。冬半年河道基本不会出现高水位,河道内裸露土增加, 适于植被生长. 冬半年虽然处于蓄水阶段,但植被指数仍有增加趋势。
英文摘要:
      To analyze the vegetation cover and vegetation environment along the Yangtze River (Chongqing section), 16 days normalized vegetation index product of MODIS level 3 MOD13A1 from 2000 to 2015 was used to analyze the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics and changing trend of vegetation index of 22 districts and counties along the Yangtze River in Chongqing. The results were shown as following. (1) After the impoundment of the Three Gorges reservoir, the ecological vegetation and the vegetation environment along the Yangtze River showed a good trend, and improved more obvious especially in the eastern area of the Yangtze River. (2)The vegetation cover and the vegetation environment were better farther away from the river. From administrative divisions, the ecological environment of vegetation in the eastern region was best, followed by the central region, then the western region and the main urban. And the area (region) where vegetation was better, the average height was larger. (3) After the impoundment of 175m, the vegetation index in the Yangtze River and 250m area away from the river was obviously lower than that before the impoundment (2000-2003) in spring, while was obviously bigger in autumn, was increase or decrease in summer and winter. Far from the Yangtze River, the vegetation index shown an increasing trend in spring, autumn and winter, and was decreasing in summer. In summer, the whole river channel is in the rainy season and rainfall will be more,so for a long time, the river will be in the process of flood peak or high water level that the flooded area of the river will be enlarged. After the Three Gorges water storage, the clouds such as thin clouds and broken clouds increased. Those leaded to vegetation index was decreasing although in the discharge stage during the summer half year. In the winter half year, there will be no high water level in the river, and the bare soil in the river will increase, which is suitable for vegetation growth. Although in the water storage stage, the vegetation index still will have an increasing trend.
作者简介:
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