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彭晓媛,蔺吉祥.能源植物蓖麻抗逆生理学的研究进展[J].中国农学通报,2019,35(32):26-30..Stress Physiology of Energy Plant Ricinus communis: A Review[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2019,35(32):26-30
能源植物蓖麻抗逆生理学的研究进展
Stress Physiology of Energy Plant Ricinus communis: A Review
投稿时间:2018-08-11  修订日期:2019-10-12
DOI:10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb18080047
中文关键词: 蓖麻  温度  干旱  盐碱胁迫  金属离子
英文关键词: castor  temperature  drought  saline-alkali stress  metal ions
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基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金“蓖麻早期幼苗适应土壤盐逆境过程中子叶的生理功能解析”(2572018BS02)。
作者单位E-mail
彭晓媛 东北林业大学盐碱地生物资源环境研究中心 976132546@qq.com 
蔺吉祥 东北林业大学盐碱地生物资源环境研究中心 jixiang851012@gmail.com 
中文摘要:
      蓖麻是世界十大油料作物之一,经济价值高,抗逆性强。为了全面了解蓖麻对逆境胁迫生理响应的研究现状,从蓖麻对温度、干旱、盐碱胁迫以及金属离子毒害的生理响应4个方面进行了归纳,总结了蓖麻对这4种非生物胁迫因子的响应机理,分析了诸多生理参数(如生长、光合、渗透调节、抗氧化酶活性以及基因表达等)与胁迫因子的关联,并在此基础上提出了研究展望,认为应更多的关注蓖麻对碱性盐胁迫的生理适应机制、重要次生代谢产物对蓖麻适应胁迫环境的功能分析以及蓖麻与内生菌的互作关系,为蓖麻逆境生物学的理论研究以及生产实践中应用与推广提供一定的科学依据。
英文摘要:
      Ricinus communis is one of the top ten oil crops throughout the world. This plant has high economic value and strong stress tolerance. In order to comprehensively understanding the research status of physiological response to stress of this species, the physiological responses and mechanisms of castor to temperature, drought, salt-alkali stress and metal ion toxicity were summarized. We also analyzed the relationship between many physiological parameters (such as growth, photosynthesis, osmotic adjustment, antioxidant enzyme activity and gene expression) and stress factors, and put forward the research prospects based on these status. It is suggested that more attention should be paid to the physiological adaptation mechanism of castor to alkali stress, the functional analysis of important secondary metabolites for castor in response to the stress environments, and the interactions between castor and endophyte. This paper can provide scientific basis for the theoretical research of castor adverse biology and its application and promotion in production practice.
作者简介:
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