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不同栽培基质对甜查理草莓生长及果实品质的影响

Substrates Affect the Growth and Fruit Quality of‘Sweet Charlie’Strawberry
作者
姜新(广西农业科学院园艺研究所)
欧智涛(广西农业科学院园艺研究所)
李一伟(广西农业科学院园艺研究所)
刘芸(广西农业科学院园艺研究所)
陆玉英(广西农业科学院园艺研究所)
罗瑞鸿(广西农业科学院园艺研究所)
中文关键词
草莓;基质;生长发育;果实品质
英文关键词
strawberry;substrate;growth and development;fruit quality
中文摘要
[目的]为了筛选南亚热带气候条件下适合草莓无土栽培的基质,[方法]本试验以“甜查理”草莓为试材,研究了6种基质对草莓生长及果实品质的影响。[结果]结果表明:自配基质A(草炭:蛭石:珍珠岩:沙子=7:1:1:1)、B(草炭:椰糠:蛭石:珍珠岩:沙子=5:2:1:1:1)和C(草炭:椰糠:蛭石:珍珠岩:沙子=3.5:3.5:1:1:1)在草莓果实品质、产量等方面和商品基质无明显差异,均表现较好;在植株生长量上,A、B和C处理的株高、叶柄长度、叶柄粗度和叶面积等方面均大于商品基质CK。[结论]因此,基质A、B和C处理可以用作草莓无土栽培的基质,降低生产成本。
英文摘要
To select suitable cultivation medium for‘Sweet Charlie’strawberry soilless culture under south sub-tropical climate, we studied the effect of six cultivation substrates on the growth and fruit quality of the strawberry. The results showed no significant difference of A (turf: vermiculite: pearlite: sand=7:1:1:1), B (turf: coco coir: vermiculite: pearlite: sand=5:2:1:1:1), C (turf: coco coir: vermiculite: pearlite: sand=(3.5:3.5:1:1:1) and CK on fruit quality and output, and they all performed well. The plant height, petiole length, petiole roughness and leaf area of A, B and C treatment were higher than those of CK. So, A, B and C could be used as the substrates of soilless culture to reduce the production cost.
DOI10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb18070024