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基于AHP法的浙江大盘山自然保护区森林蔬菜资源的开发利用价值评价

Evaluation of Exploitation Value of Forest Vegetables Resources in Dapanshan Natural Reserve, Zhejiang Based on AHP Method
作者
刘亚(磐安县风景旅游管理局)
王盼(浙江省大盘山国家级自然保护区管理局)
周钰鸿(浙江省大盘山国家级自然保护区管理局)
陈江芳(磐安县林业局)
陈子林(浙江省大盘山国家级自然保护区管理局)
中文关键词
森林蔬菜;开发利用价值;层次分析法;大盘山
英文关键词
forest vegetables; exploitation value; Analytic Hierarchy Process; Dapanshan
中文摘要
为了解决森林蔬菜资源缺少全面而系统的量化评价基础以推荐开发利用种类的问题,本研究应用层次分析法对森林蔬菜资源的开发利用价值构建了评价模型,并对浙江大盘山自然保护区的40种常见森林蔬菜进行了评价和筛选。[结果]结果表明:森林蔬菜资源的开发利用价值受风味口感(0.184)的影响最大,其次为驯化技术(0.148)、营养成分(0.104)和采食时间(0.104)、适应能力(0.088)、利用现状(0.074)和资源总量(0.074)、保健价值(0.057)和食用风险(0.057)、繁殖特性(0.049)、食用部位(0.033)、生活型(0.027)。经筛选,荠菜(Capsella bursa-pastoris)、马兰头(Aster indicus)、牯岭野豌豆(Vicia kulingiana)、棘茎楤木(Aralia echinocaulis)等7种森林蔬菜被评为I级,具有优良的综合特性,可作为优先开发利用对象;大叶臭花椒(Zanthoxylum myriacanthum)、清风藤(Sabia japonica)、金灯藤(Cuscuta japonica)、野蔷薇(Rosa multiflora)等8种森林蔬菜被评为IV级,可暂不考虑开发利用。[结论]本研究可为森林蔬菜资源的开发利用提供科学有效的指导。
英文摘要
In order to solve the problem that forest vegetables resources lack comprehensive and systematic quantitative evaluation to support species selection for exploitation, Analytic Hierarchy Process was adopted to construct evaluation model for exploitation value of forest vegetables resources, and 40 species of common forest vegetables in Dapanshan Reserve, Zhejiang were appraised and ranked. [Result]The results showed: exploitation value of forest vegetables resources was successively affected by taste flavor (0.184), domestication technology (0.148), nutrient composition (0.104) and picking period (0.104), adaptation ability (0.088), utilization situation (0.074) and resource gross (0.074), health value (0.057) and poisoning risk (0.057), propagation characteristics (0.049), edible part (0.033), life form (0.027). 7 forest vegetables species including Capsella bursa-pastoris, Aster indicus, Vicia kulingiana, Aralia echinocaulis were assessed as Grade I which should be the prior species to exploit. 8 forest vegetables species including Zanthoxylum myriacanthum, Sabia japonica, Cuscuta japonica, Rosa multiflora were assessed as Grade IV which were not suitable for exploitation at the present. [Conclusion]However, the research provided scientific and effective guidance for forest vegetables resources exploitation.
DOI10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.casb18070051